Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (the endometrium) grows outside of it. The endometrium is a layer of tissue that becomes thick during menstruation and is responsible for the implantation of a fertilized egg into the uterus.
Endometriosis may occur in any age group but is most common in women between the ages of 25 and 44. It is also more common in women who have a family history of the disorder.
There are common endometriosis causes, and several factors may contribute to its development, including:
– Genetics: Endometriosis may be passed down from mothers to daughters, and can sometimes be inherited.
– Environment: Your environment can play a role in your risk of developing endometriosis. For example, obesity and smoking are both associated with an increased risk for the disorder.
– Health problems: Conditions such as ovarian cancer or chronic pain can also lead to endometriosis.
– Menstrual cycle abnormalities: Some women have abnormal menstrual cycles that may predispose them to develop endometriosis.
Endometriosis is a chronic disease that can affect the female reproductive system. symptoms may include pelvic pain, infertility, and heavy bleeding. There is no one definitive test for endometriosis, and it often requires a combination of tests to diagnose. Treatment typically involves surgery, hormone therapy, and antibiotics.